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A map of Egypt.

Egypt was one of the earliest empires in the world. The empire was formed in 3105 B.C. by the King Menes who united lower and upper Egypt into one kingdom. At its height the empire stretched south into Nubia, modern day Sudan. The Nile had a great impact on the growth of Egypt. Every year the Nile would flood, revitalizing the area around the river and leaving rich soil to allow for crops to grow. The river no longer floods however, as the Aswan Dam, built in 1970, controls the flooding of the Nile. The empire finally came to an end when in 343 B.C when it first fell under Persian control, then Greece, and finally Rome.

The Pyramid of Khafre.

The structures of Egypt are known throughout the world and history. The most famous are the Pyramids of Giza. The only Seven Wonders of the Ancient World to still stand today, the pyramids are part of the Giza Necropolis built that was expanded by multiple pharaohs. The largest pyramid, known as the Great Pyramid or the Pyramid of Khufu is the most famously known. The Pyramid of Khafre is smaller, but is recognizable by it still having part of its outer coating at the top of the pyramid. Most true pyramid built by the pharaohs had a smooth outer coating of lime stone that was either stolen, or simply degrade of fall off from the sands and time.

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View video clips from Engineering an Empire.

The Host

Learn more about the host Peter Weller.

The Empires

Learn more about each empire
and their achivements.

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